Is dementia a disease?

Dementia is not a specific disease but is rather a general term for the impaired ability to remember, think, or make decisions that interferes with doing everyday activities. Alzheimer's disease is the most common type of dementia. Though dementia mostly affects older adults, it is not a part of normal aging.

Can you call dementia a disease?

Dementia is not actually a disease. It is a group of symptoms. “Dementia” is a general term for behavioral changes and the loss of mental abilities. This decline — including memory loss and difficulties with thinking and language — can be severe enough to disrupt daily life.

Is dementia a mental illness or disease?

While dementia does affect mental health, it is not a mental illness, but a disorder of the brain that causes memory loss and trouble with communicating.


Is Alzheimer's and dementia a disease?

Alzheimer's disease is a degenerative brain disease and the most common form of dementia. Dementia is not a specific disease. It's an overall term that describes a group of symptoms.

Is Alzheimer's a disease or illness?

Alzheimer's disease is a brain disorder that slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. In most people with the disease — those with the late-onset type symptoms first appear in their mid-60s.


What Is Dementia? - Hindi - Information Programme for South Asian Families



What is the main cause of dementia?

Dementia is caused by damage to or changes in the brain. Common causes of dementia are: Alzheimer's disease. This is the most common cause of dementia.

How long can you live with dementia?

On average, a person with Alzheimer's lives four to eight years after diagnosis, but can live as long as 20 years, depending on other factors. Changes in the brain related to Alzheimer's begin years before any signs of the disease.

Is dementia fatal disease?

Dementia is not a disease. It's a decline in the ability to reason, communicate, remember, and function in life. While dementia itself may not cause death, the result of progressive brain disorders eventually cause death.

Can dementia be cured?

There is currently no "cure" for dementia. In fact, because dementia is caused by different diseases it is unlikely that there will be a single cure for dementia. Research is aimed at finding cures for dementia-causing diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, frontotemporal dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies.


Is dementia genetic?

Many people affected by dementia are concerned that they may inherit or pass on dementia. The majority of dementia is not inherited by children and grandchildren. In rarer types of dementia there may be a strong genetic link, but these are only a tiny proportion of overall cases of dementia.

What is dementia considered?

Dementia is the loss of cognitive functioning — thinking, remembering, and reasoning — to such an extent that it interferes with a person's daily life and activities. Some people with dementia cannot control their emotions, and their personalities may change.

Why Is dementia a disability?

Dementia is counted as a disability by the Equality Act 2010, as it causes “long-term physical, mental, intellectual or sensory impairments, which, in interaction with various barriers, may hinder their full and effective participation in society on an equal basis with others”.

Is dementia a degenerative disease?

The most common causes of dementia include: Degenerative neurological diseases. These include: Alzheimer's disease.


What are the 5 types of dementia?

Types of dementias that progress and aren't reversible include:
  • Alzheimer's disease. This is the most common cause of dementia. ...
  • Vascular dementia. This type of dementia is caused by damage to the vessels that supply blood to your brain. ...
  • Lewy body dementia. ...
  • Frontotemporal dementia. ...
  • Mixed dementia.


Do you tell someone they have dementia?

It is recommended that a person with dementia be told of their diagnosis. However, a person has a right not to know their diagnosis if that is their clear and informed preference.

What are the 4 main types of dementia?

Four Common Types of Dementia
  • Alzheimer's Disease. This is the most common type of dementia. ...
  • Lewy Body Dementia (or Dementia with Lewy Bodies). Lewy Body Dementia is another very common, yet frequently misdiagnosed, or undiagnosed type of dementia. ...
  • Vascular Dementia. ...
  • Fronto Temporal Dementia.


What are the 7 symptoms of dementia?

Dementia symptoms to watch for
  • Difficulty with everyday tasks. ...
  • Repetition. ...
  • Communication problems. ...
  • Getting lost. ...
  • Personality changes. ...
  • Confusion about time and place. ...
  • Troubling behavior.


How do you prevent dementia?

This means you can help reduce your risk of dementia by:
  1. eating a healthy, balanced diet.
  2. maintaining a healthy weight.
  3. exercising regularly.
  4. keeping alcohol within recommended limits.
  5. stopping smoking.
  6. keeping your blood pressure at a healthy level.


How can you reverse dementia?

Dementia may be reversed by treating hippocampal atrophy with antidepressant medication in early-onset depression to improve neuron health and prevent neuron damage progression. Patients receiving these medications should be assessed periodically for treatment adherence and symptom improvement.

What stage does dementia fall?

Stage 7 - Very Severe Cognitive Decline: In this stage of dementia, persons have lost the ability to walk and communicate, requiring assistance with all activities.

Can dementia come on suddenly?

Symptoms can sometimes develop suddenly and quickly get worse, but they can also develop gradually over many months or years.


What should you not say to someone with dementia?

7 Things Not to Say to Someone with Dementia (and What to Say...
  • “You're wrong” ...
  • “Do you remember…?” ...
  • “They passed away.” ...
  • “I told you…” ...
  • “What do you want to eat?” ...
  • “Come, let's get your shoes on and get to the car, we need to go to the store for some groceries.” ...
  • “Her dementia is getting worse.”


How long can an 85 year old live with dementia?

The 50% survival time in men was 4.3 years (95% CI, 2.4-6.8 years) in mild dementia, 2.8 years (95% CI, 1.5-3.5 years) in moderate dementia, and 1.4 years (95% CI, 0.7-1.8 years) in severe dementia, and in women, 5.0 years (95% CI, 4.5-6.3 years) in mild dementia, 2.8 years (95% CI, 1.8-3.8 years) in moderate dementia, ...

What are the final stages of dementia before death?

Signs of the final stages of dementia include some of the following:
  • Being unable to move around on one's own.
  • Being unable to speak or make oneself understood.
  • Eating problems such as difficulty swallowing.


What are the 10 warning signs of dementia?

The 10 warning signs of dementia
  • Sign 1: Memory loss that affects day-to-day abilities. ...
  • Sign 2: Difficulty performing familiar tasks. ...
  • Sign 3: Problems with language. ...
  • Sign 4: Disorientation to time and place. ...
  • Sign 5: Impaired judgement. ...
  • Sign 6: Problems with abstract thinking. ...
  • Sign 7: Misplacing things.