What are Mees lines?

Mees' lines (also known as Aldrich or Reynolds' lines) are transverse white bands on the nail plate laid down during periods of stress. Common associations are poisioning (arsenic, thallium, fluorosis), severe infection, renal disease, cardiac failure, and malignant disease.

What is the cause of Mees lines?

Mees lines are associated with arsenic poisoning, Hodgkin lymphoma, carcinoid tumours and chemotherapy (i.e., cyclophosphamide, vincristine and doxorubicin). Muehrcke lines result from liver disease, nephrotic syndrome, malnutrition and severe hypoalbuminemia (less than 20 g/L).

What do Mees lines mean?

Mees' Lines are a change that occurs in the color of the nail with no palpable ridges, typically described as white bands traversing the nail bed, running parallel to the lunula across the entire nail bed of the individual. This finding is indicative of arsenic [5], thallium [6], or other heavy metal poisoning.

Are Muehrcke's lines serious?

Muehrcke's lines are most commonly associated with metabolic stress and chronic hypoalbuminaemia (usually < 2 g/dL), such as nephrotic syndrome, chronic liver disease, or severe malnutrition. In addition, Muehrcke's lines have also been associated with infections, chemotherapy drugs, and high altitude.

What metal is noted for causing Mees lines on the fingernails?

3 Mees' lines are prominent transverse white lines in finger or toe nails due to arsenic deposition in keratin rich tissues. They take some 3–6 weeks to manifest. The above mentioned skin changes are usually present in chronic arsenic toxicity, but can rarely be seen after acute or subacute exposures.


What are Mees lines on the nails?

Mees' lines (also known as Aldrich or Reynolds' lines) are transverse white bands on the nail plate laid down during periods of stress. Common associations are poisioning (arsenic, thallium, fluorosis), severe infection, renal disease, cardiac failure, and malignant disease.

What do Beau's lines in nails look like?

What do Beau's lines look like? Beau's lines are horizontal indentations, or ridges, that develop across the nails. They usually run straight across the nail. A person may develop one or more Beau's lines on any nail, or across multiple nails.

What vitamin deficiency causes vertical lines in fingernails?

Our nails naturally develop slight vertical ridges as we age. However, severe and raised ridges can be a sign of iron deficiency anemia. Nutritional deficiencies, such as a lack of vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin B12 or keratin can result in fingernail ridges.

Why do I have a line on my thumb nail?

A narrow black line that has formed vertically underneath your nail is called a splinter hemorrhage. It occurs for a variety of reasons and may be harmless or a sign of a more serious health condition. This condition is called a splinter hemorrhage because it may look like a wood splinter under your nail.

How do I get rid of the white lines on my nails?

In fact, cuticle oil is the best way to prevent white spots appearing on the nails in the first place as it will hydrate and strengthen the nail. "A good hydrating base coat will also help and should definitely be applied before polishing nails."

What does white flecks in your nails mean?

You may notice white spots or dots along your nails if you're deficient in certain minerals or vitamins. The deficiencies most commonly linked to this issue are zinc deficiency and calcium deficiency.

What does arsenic do to fingernails?

Since arsenic has a high affinity for keratin, the concentration of arsenic in nails is higher than in other tissues. Several weeks after exposure, transverse white striae, called Mees' lines, may appear in the fingernails.

What are the white things on your nails?

The normal nail is pale pink with a whitish crescent called the lunula at the base. It is the most common color variation in the nails. Other names for this condition are white nails, fortune spots and gift spots.

What causes high levels of arsenic in the body?

People are exposed to elevated levels of inorganic arsenic through drinking contaminated water, using contaminated water in food preparation and irrigation of food crops, industrial processes, eating contaminated food and smoking tobacco.

Do thyroid problems cause nail ridges?

Horizontal ridges can be caused by trauma to the nail and may be deep or discolored. The can also indicate malnutrition, psoriasis or a thyroid problem. Check with your doctor if you see horizontal ridges on your nails; they may indicate a more serious problem. Need to make an appointment with a Piedmont physician?

Can fingernails show signs of illness?

Did you know your nails can reveal clues to your overall health? A touch of white here, a rosy tinge there, or some rippling or bumps may be a sign of disease in the body. Problems in the liver, lungs, and heart can show up in your nails.

What is Beau's lines?

Beau's lines are indentations that run across the nails. The indentations can appear when growth at the area under the cuticle is interrupted by injury or severe illness.

What autoimmune disease causes ridges in fingernails?

If you have RA, your immune system becomes overactive and attacks healthy parts of your body leading to inflammation and fatigue. RA may even lead to changes in your nails, such as the development of vertical ridges or a yellowing and thickening.

Does magnesium deficiency cause nail ridges?

Magnesium is a mineral involved in over 300 reactions in your body, including protein synthesis, which is required for nail growth ( 10 ). Vertical ridges in your nails may be a sign of a magnesium deficiency.

What causes ridges in women's fingernails?

“Our skin, hair, and nails contain keratin, which is vital for creating new skin and nail cells,” she says. “Keratin production slows with age, giving the appearance of vertical ridges, the lines that run the length of the nail.”

What autoimmune diseases cause Beau's lines?

Cutaneous disorders have also been associated with Beau's lines, including eczema, pustular psoriasis, pemphigus vulgaris, paronychia, telogen effluvium, alopecia areata, Stevens Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, erythroderma, and reflex sympathetic dystrophy.

Should you see a doctor for Beau's lines?

If clients are concerned about their Beau's lines, however, it's best to recommend they see a doctor for a diagnosis before covering the nails with gel polish or other enhancements.

Can tight shoes cause Beau's lines?

Beau's lines.

I see this nail manifestation in people who chronically get pedicures, those who play basketball or tennis (or any sport that stops and starts with the nails hitting the front of the shoe), and those who wear tight fitting shoes and clogs.

What causes raised vertical ridges on fingernails?

Vertical nail ridges, which are fairly common, extend from the cuticle to the tip of your nail. They often become more numerous or prominent with age, possibly due to variations in cell turnover within your nail.

Is leukonychia a disease or disorder?

Leukonychia totalis is a genetic disease, which means that it is caused by one or more genes not working correctly.
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