What is mega biodiversity countries?
The term megadiverse country refers to any one of a group of nations that harbor the majority of Earth's species and high numbers of endemic species. Conservation International identified 17 megadiverse countries in 1998. Many of them are located in, or partially in, tropical or subtropical regions.
What does mega biodiversity mean?
Seventeen countries have been identified as megadiverse countries. They account for 70% of total biodiversity present on Earth. These include most of the tropical rainforests, coral reefs and other biodiversity-rich ecosystems.
Why is India called a mega biodiversity country?
The term 'mega' represent 'large'. Thus, megadiversity means a large number of species are present in the ecosystem. As India is rich in the diversity of animals and plants, India is called a mega diversity centre.
Which country has highest biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth's biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why are megadiverse countries important?
Megadiverse Countries is a term used to refer to the world's top biodiversity-rich countries. This country-focused method raises national awareness for biodiversity conservation in nations with high biological diversity, with many species unique to a specific country.
Megadiversity nations (Countries) - India as a Megadiversity country - Biodiversity
How many mega biodiversity are there in India?
India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animals" according to the UN. It is the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world. With about 45,500 plant species.
Is Philippines a megadiverse country?
The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth's biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world's plant and animal species.
Which country has the lowest biodiversity?
When compared to the G7 countries, this puts the UK is at the very bottom in terms of how much biodiversity still survives. When compared across all countries in the European Union, only Ireland and Malta come out worse, and the UK is in the bottom 10% of all countries globally.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. "India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species," Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers' rights at BAU on Saturday.
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?
India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world's land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
How many mega biodiversity countries are there in the world Upsc?
The 17 mega diverse countries of the world are Australia , Brazil , China , Colombia , Democratic Republic of the Congo Ecuador , Indonesia India , Madagascar , Malaysia , Mexico , Papua New Guinea, Peru Philippines , South Africa , United States, Venezuela .
How many mega biodiversity countries are there in the world?
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, ...
Which Indian state has maximum biodiversity?
Solution : The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity.
What is the India's rank in the world and in Asia in plant diversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said.
What is high biodiversity?
When biodiversity is high, it means there are many different types of organisms and species. Coral reefs have very high biodiversity—more than 25 percent of all marine species are found on coral reefs, which occupy less than one percent of the ocean.
Which countries have the most biodiversity loss?
One recent analysis found that approximately 60% of total global biodiversity loss for bird and mammal species has occurred in just seven countries between 1996 and 2008 – Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, China, India, Australia and the USA, where the majority has occurred on the islands of Hawaii.
Which country supports almost 10% of biodiversity on the Earth?
Answer. South Africa. One of the most diverse countries in the world. It contains nearly 10% of all known species of birds, fish and plants registered in the world and 6% of mammal and reptile species.
Why is Philippines a mega biodiversity country?
The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth's biodiversity and 70 percent of world's plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines' biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.
Why is Philippines rich in biodiversity?
Philippines is also located in the heart of the Coral Triangle, which is the world's center of marine biodiversity. This makes the Philippines the center of the center of the marine biodiversity. This particular place is the Verde island passage that sits between Batangas and Mindoro.
Why Philippines has a rich biodiversity?
It is generally accepted that the Philippines terrestrial and marine habitats contain some of the richest biodiversities of flora and fauna, and its waters are considered a part of the biodiverse Coral Triangle. Further, many of these organisms are endemic to the Philippines.
Which state has less biodiversity in India?
The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.
How many hotspots are present in India?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
Why are some areas of the Earth called Mega biodiversity Centres?
These places lie around the earth's equator which is known as the tropics. The reasons that ensure mega biodiversity at these places include ample rainfall, temperature, altitude and the soil texture. The suitable ecosystem also helps sustain the flora and fauna in such places.
What are mega diversity Centres 11?
Mega diversity centre: There are some countries which are situated in the tropical region; they possess a large number of the world's species diversity. They are called mega diversity centres.