Why does Philippines claim the South China Sea?

The Philippine claims to sovereignty over the features known as Scarborough Shoal and the KIG are independent of its archipelagic status both legally and historically. Because Scarborough Shoal is a feature which exists above high tide, it is capable of [sovereign] appropriation under international law.

What is the issue between China and Philippines?

Philippines objected strongly to China's claims during various bilateral consultations; it also took the matter to United Nations Secretary General. China has prevented the Philippines from carrying out oil and gas development projects and from fishing in the disputed waters.

Is China has the right to claim the West Philippine Sea?

Mr. President, China has claimed "historic rights" in areas that are beyond 200 M from its mainland coasts, or any land feature over which it claims sovereignty, and within 200 M of the coasts of the Philippines' main islands, and exploited the resources in these areas while preventing the Philippines from doing so.

Why did the Philippines sue China?

Background of the Case

On 22 January 2013, the Philippines instituted arbitral proceedings against China in a dispute concerning their respective “maritime entitlements” and the legality of Chinese activities in the South China Sea.

What are the basis of the Philippines for claiming the West Philippine Sea?

“In the WPS, only the Philippines can claim an [exclusive economic zone] because the Philippines is the sole adjacent coastal state in the WPS,” he said.

'Will send navy ships in South China Sea to assert claim': Philippines| Rodrigo Duterte|English News

Why should the Philippines claim the Spratly Islands?

Some argue that the Philippines should take sovereignty over Spratly Islands because it has had the most success and experience with maintaining marine ecosystems, plus the islands are well within the Philippine exclusive economic zone (EEZ).

Does Philippines own West Philippine Sea?

West Philippine Sea (Filipino: Karagatang Kanlurang Pilipinas; abbreviated as WPS) is the official designation by the government of the Philippines to the parts of the South China Sea that are included in the country's exclusive economic zone.

Does Philippines own South China Sea?

The Philippine claims to sovereignty over the features known as Scarborough Shoal and the KIG are independent of its archipelagic status both legally and historically.

Who claimed the West Philippine Sea?

China has claimed maritime zones surrounding these features greater than 12 M, from which it has sought to exclude the Philippines, notwithstanding the encroachment of these zones on the Philippines' exclusive economic zone, or on international waters.

Who owns South China Sea?

The nine-dash line area claimed by the Republic of China (1912–1949), later the People's Republic of China (PRC), which covers most of the South China Sea and overlaps with the exclusive economic zone claims of Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

What is the claim of the Philippines?

Summary of Claims

The Philippines claims the northeastern section of the Spratly Islands as the Kalayaan Island Group, in addition to the Scarborough Shoal, which it calls the Bajo de Masinloc. Malaysia claims part of the Kalayaan Island, while China and Taiwan claim the entirety of the island group.

Why West Philippine Sea is important?

Identified as one of the priority seascapes, the West Philippine Sea (WPS) accounts for roughly one third of Philippine waters and hosts a wealth of the country's coastal and marine resources: from coral reefs, to fisheries resources, to energy and mineral resources, among others.

What caused the West Philippine Sea disputes?

The Chinese occupation of Scarborough Shoal is an invasion of Philippine territory, giving rise to a territorial sovereignty dispute. However, the Philippines could not bring China to compulsory arbitration on a territorial sovereignty dispute without China's consent.

Why does the Philippines claim Sabah?

The Philippines, presenting itself as the successor state of the Sultanate of Sulu, retains a "dormant claim" on Eastern Sabah on the basis that the territory was only leased to the British North Borneo Company in 1878, with the sovereignty of the Sultanate (and subsequently the Republic) over the territory never ...

Why is China important to Philippines?

China is the Philippines' top trading partner, export market destination, and import source in 2019, a testament to our stronger bilateral trade relations. The Philippines and China bilateral trade reached close to US$50 Billion in 2019, growing at an average of 17 percent in the last five years.

Does the Philippines like China?

In 2000, China and the Philippines signed the "Joint Statement Between China and the Philippines on the Framework of Bilateral Cooperation in the Twenty-First Century", which confirmed that the two sides will establish a long-term and stable relationship on the basis of good neighborliness, cooperation, mutual trust ...

Is West Philippine Sea and South China Sea the same?

In the Philippines, the “West Philippine Sea” has official endorsement. In 2012, then-President Benigno Aquino III officially renamed the part of the South China Sea within the nation's EEZ. Manila then submitted an administrative order and an official map to the United Nations.

When did the west Philippine Sea dispute started?

On 22 January 2013 the Philippines initiated international arbitration against the People's Republic of China (China) regarding its territorial and maritime dispute in the South China Sea – known as the West Philippine Sea in Manila.

Who sold Spratly Island?

In December 1974, Cloma was arrested and forced to sign a document to convey to the Philippines whatever rights he might have had in the territory for one peso. Cloma sold his claim to the Philippine government, which annexed (de jure) the islands in 1978, calling them Kalayaan.

Why does Scarborough Shoal belong to the Philippines?

It is a disputed territory claimed by the Republic of the Philippines through the 1734 Velarde map, while the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) claim it through the disputed nine-dash line (originally an eleven-dash line which included waters in the Gulf of Tonkin).

What is the largest Philippine island in terms of population?

The island of Luzon has many claims to fame. Not only is it the Philippines' largest and most populated island, but it is famously the 15th largest island on the planet when measured by land area. Located in the northern Philippines, Luzon is both the nation's economic and political hub.

How many islands does the Philippines have?

Located in the Pacific Ocean near the equator, the Republic of the Philippines consists of around 7,640 islands — about 2,000 of which are inhabited — that form an archipelago.

What kind of war is renounced by the Philippines?

The Philippines renounces war as an instrument of national policy, adopts the generally accepted principles of international law as part of the law of the land and adheres to the policy of peace, equality, justice, freedom, cooperation, and amity with all nations.